Immigration to the united states is the international movement of non-us nationals in order to reside permanently in the country lawful immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the us history.
After certain states passed immigration laws following the civil war, the supreme court in 1875 declared regulation of immigration a federal responsibility thus, as the number of immigrants rose in the 1880s and economic conditions in some areas worsened, congress began to pass immigration legislation. Americans encouraged relatively free and open immigration during the 18th and early 19th centuries, and rarely questioned that policy until the late 1800s after certain states passed immigration laws following the civil war, the supreme court in 1875 declared regulation of immigration a federal. The united states experienced major waves of immigration during the colonial era, the first part of the 19th century and from the 1880s to 1920 many immigrants came to america seeking greater economic opportunity, while some, such as the pilgrims in the early 1600s, arrived in search of religious freedom.
The united states began regulating immigration soon after it won independence from great britain, and the laws since enacted have reflected the politics and migrant flows of the times early legislation tended to impose limits that favored europeans, but a sweeping 1965 law opened doors to. The immigration reform and control act (irca) was a comprehensive reform effort it (1) legalized aliens who had resided in the united states in an unlawful status since january 1, 1982, (2) established sanctions prohibiting employers from hiring, recruiting, or referring for a fee aliens known to be unauthorized to work in the united states, (3) created a new classification of temporary. Among its provisions, it: (1) established the continuing reporting of immigration to the united states and (2) set specific sustenance rules for passengers of ships leaving us ports for europe. The war of 1812 between the united states and britain slowed immigration even further with peace re-established in 1814, immigration from great britain, ireland and western europe resumed at a record pace.
The history of immigration to the united states details the movement of people to the united states starting with the first european settlements from around 1600 beginning around this time, british and other europeans settled primarily on the east coast. In 1790, it passed the first naturalization act, which stipulated that any alien, being a free white person, may be admitted to become a citizen of the united states in the early years of the republic, immigration was light - 6000 people a year on average, including french refugees from the revolt in haiti.
From 1821 to 1840, the number of immigrants was 742,564 in the following ten years, the number more than doubled to 1,713,251 in the first half of the 19th century, several factors in europe contributed to mass immigration to the united states. 1870-1880 - chinese immigration to the united states increases during the gold rush chinese came to the country they called 'gold mountain' to participate in the california gold rush, and their numbers grew slowly.
The october 1965 amendments to the 1952 immigration and nationality act (ina) repealed the national origins quota system and represented the most far-reaching revision of immigration policy in the united states since the first quota act of 1921.
Immigration was nothing new to america except for native americans, all united states citizens can claim some immigrant experience, whether during prosperity or despair, brought by force or by choice however, immigration to the united states reached its peak from 1880-1920.